About Ministry Of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship
The changing demographic profile of the country, with 54% of its population under 25 years of age, rising aspirations of the youth seeking better jobs, and growing expectations of employers for an efficient, well trained workforce have contributed to a focus on skill development in India. Recognizing the urgency to reap the benefits of the demographic dividend and the need for coordinating skill development efforts in the country, Government of India notified the formation of Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 31st July, 2014 that became a full-fledged Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) on 9th Nov, 2014. MSDE is responsible for coordination with all concerned for developing an appropriate skill development framework, removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, mapping of existing skills, doing market research, devising training curriculum, industry-institute linkage, bringing PPP element in skilling, making broad policies for all other Ministries/Departments, framing policies for soft skills, computer education, academic equivalence of skill sets, work relating to Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and expansion of youth entrepreneurship education. The Ministry aims to Skill on a large Scale with Speed and high Standards in order to achieve the overarching vision of a ‘Skilled India’. About NSDC
The National Skill Development Corporation India, (NSDC) is a one of its kind, Public Private Partnership in India. It aims to promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality, for-profit vocational institutions. NSDC provides funding to build scalable, for-profit vocational training initiatives. Its mandate is also to enable support systems such as quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnerships.
The objective of this Scheme is to encourage skill development for youth by providing monetary rewards for successful completion of approved training programs. Specifically, the Scheme aims to:
Encourage standardization in the certification process and initiate a process of creating a registry of skills.
Benefit 24 lakh youth at an approximate total cost of Rs. 1,500 Crores.
Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards – NOS and Qualification Packs – QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies, namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).
NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centers and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Under PMKVY, even the government affiliated training providers will undergo due diligence as per the process manual. Each training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the infrastructure of training centers. The same will be part of the monitoring process. Only first level of franchising would be allowed but the same should be declared in advance.
Based on assessment of skill demand and the ‘Skill Gap Studies’, target for skill training would be allocated to sector skill councils by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs, States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering Committee of PMKVY.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognizing the skills possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also facilitate the process of skill up gradation and re-skill of the existing workforce. The focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired and it will be accompanied with a strong advocacy campaign to promote a paradigm shift in the labor market to make skill training to standards inspirational.
Target aligned to national flagship
Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Government’s flagship programmers, such as – ‘Swachh Bharat’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National Solar Mission’ and so on.
Assessment & Certification
Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often) global standards. Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognizing the skills possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also facilitate the process of skill up gradation and re-skill of the existing workforce. The focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired.